Надо Знать

добавить знаний



Англичане



Англичане
English
English-people.jpg
Общее количество 90000000
Самые расселения Великобритания : [1]
45,265,093

США : [2]
27,516,394 Австралия : [3]
6,358,880 Канада : [4]
6,570,015 Новая Зеландия : [5]

Язык английский
Религия англиканство, протестантизм, католицизм, другие верования меньшинств. С 19 века возрастает количество атеистов. [6]
Близкие этнические группы германские народы

Англичане - нация, основное население Великобритании (ок. 43 млн. чел., 1951), живут также в бывших английских колониях (США, Канада, Австралия, Новая Зеландия, Южная Африка).

Язык- английский.

Англичане - потомки кельтских племен бриттов и др.., смешавшихся в 5-6 вв. с германскими племенами англов, саксов, фризов и ютов, а позже и с норманнами. Ассимиляция кельтов ( шотландцев на севере и валлийцев на Западе острова) продолжается и сейчас. В 17 в. Англичане сложились в буржуазную нацию. В 18-20 вв. Англичане были одним из компонентов в консолидации американцев США, англо-канадцев, англо-австралийцев, англо-новозеландцев.

Богатые англичане (1% населения) владеют 56% национального богатства. Рабочие составляют 60% населения. Религиозные англичане относятся преимущественно к англиканской церкви, также баптисты, кальвинисты и католики.


Примечания

  1. The CIA World Factbook Reports That In The 2001 UK census 92.1% of the UK population were in the White ethnic group, and that 83.6% of this group are in the English ethnic group. The UK Office For National Statistics Reports - www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/uk.asp a total population in the UK census of 58,789,194. A quick calculation shows this is equivalent to 45,265,093 people in the English ethnic group. However, this number may not represent a self-defined ethnic group, these data do not take into account non-white people who would also identify as ethnically English. The number who described their ethnic group as English in the 2001 UK census has not been published by the Office for National Statistics.
  2. The 2000 US census - shows 24,515,138 people claiming English ancestry. This figure may be an underestimate of the number of people with English ancestry as some people of English descent may not consider themselves ethnically English. Conversely ancestry and ethnicity are not necessarily synonymous concepts and claiming English ancestry does not necessarily indicate an English ethnic identity. Furthermore, although under-reported, English may actually be the most common ancestry in the United States. According to the 1980 census (the first year that the census asked about ethnicity), English ancestry was the most common ancestry with 50.6 million Americans claiming English ancestry to be their dominant ancestry. The reason why the number of people claiming English ancestry has dwindled to half its number is subject to interpretation. The US census also contains a separate option of 'British' ancestry. According To EuroAmericans.net - www.euroamericans.net / euroamericans.net / english census.htm the greatest population with English origins in a single state was 2,521,355 in California, and the highest percentage was 29.0% in Utah. In addition, millions in the South claimed "American" ancestry, which may actually indicate ethnic English origin given predominately Anglo-Celtic settlement in that area. The American Community Survey 2004 - by the US Census Bureau estimates 28,410,295 people claiming some English origin.
  3. The Australian Bureau Of Statistics - www.abs.gov.au / ausstats / abs @ cpp.nsf/DetailsPage/02001? OpenDocument reports 6,358,880 people of English ancestry in the 2001 Census. [1] - www.abs.gov.au/ Ausstats / abs @ .nsf/0/B85E1EB3A2BC274ACA256D39001BC337? Open.
  4. 2001 Canadian Census - www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/highlight/ETO/Table1.cfm? Lang = E & T = 501 & GV = 1 & GID = 0 gives 1,479,520 respondents stating their ethnic origin as English as a single response, and 4,499,355 including multiple responses, giving a combined total of 5,978,875. Many respondents may have misunderstood the question and the numerous responses for "Canadian" does not give an accurate figure for numerous groups, particularly those of British Isles origins.
  5. The 2001 New Zealand census - www.stats.govt.nz/census/2001-census-statistics/2001-ethnic-groups/ reports 34,074 people stating they belong to the English ethnic group. The 1996 Census Used A Different Question - www.stats.govt.nz/census/2001-census-statistics/change-in-ethnicity-question.htm to both the 1991 and the 2001 censuses, which had "a tendency for respondents to answer the 1996 question on the basis of ancestry (or descent) rather than 'ethnicity "(or cultural affiliation)" and reported 281,895 people with English origins.
  6. http://www.vexen.co.uk/religion/rib.html - www.vexen.co.uk / religion / rib.html. URL accessed November 11, 2006

код для вставки
Данный текст может содержать ошибки.

скачать

© Надо Знать
написать нам